The program for this conference is available via the following link.
191122 LDE-Conference_Detailed Program.pdf

26 November 2019


Conference Sessions

27 November 2019

Workshops and Roundtables

Inaugural – Public Lectures:
  • Ana Pereira Roders, Heritage and Values
  • Uta Pottgiesser, Heritage and Technology

28 November 2019

Training Courses and Technical Visits

image of the program




  • Mike Turner, Bezalel (UNESCO), IL
  • Ana Tostões, DOCOMOMO International, PT
  • Randall Mason, Historic Preservation, UPenn, USA (to be confirmed)
  • Giulio Boccaletti, The Nature Conservancy, UK
  • Amareswar Galla, Inclusive Museums, India - Australia (to be confirmed)
  • Ege Yildirim, ICOMOS SDgs, TR
  • Susan Macdonald, The Getty Conservation Institute (GCI), USA

Conference sessions

Possible conference themes:

1. Time: Evolution and Dynamics

Culture & Sustainability is a field in fast development in the last decade, seeing governments, heritage organizations and academics exploring the role that culture and heritage can have in achieving sustainable development. Past research aimed at the integration of culture and heritage in the United Nations’ international agendas for sustainable development, which led in 2016 to the mention of heritage in SDG number 11.4 “Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage”, to be measured through a financial indicator. Yet existing research supports a broader contribution of heritage to sustainable development. Other management and policy frameworks have been developed to underline this role globally, such as the UN New Urban Agenda and UNESCO 2011 Recommendation on the HUL. What is being done to develop and implement these frameworks, dealing with the radical transformations that take place in urban and rural areas? Which actors trigger these dynamics and how does this affect heritage professionals’ ambitions and goals? How is heritage being defined, and how has it change over time? How is conservation and its relation to heritage evolving over time?

2. Roles: Tasks and Influences of Stakeholders

The Heritage & Sustainable Development field is characterized by an intrinsic multiplicity. Sustainability has different dimensions – environmental, social, economic and cultural – which are addressed by several heritage disciplines and professionals, each with their own specific perspective and language. Sustainability, as a consequence, can mean something different to scholars, heritage professionals, and stakeholders, dependent on their affinities, outlook and interests. On the other hand, heritage can include a variety of attributes and values, which are determined by different stakeholders, with their own interests and ways to relate to heritage. Heritage management needs to deal with the complexity of actors involved in the process, plan and regulate their roles, on a local, national, regional and international level. In order to do so, it is crucial to understand: Who are heritage stakeholders? What are their roles and responsibilities in heritage management?

3. Disciplines: Capacities and Limitations

Over time, the meaning of cultural heritage has broadened from single monuments and objects of art to cultural landscapes and historic cities. In addition, it has expanded beyond materiality to encompass intangible expressions of culture. As a result, different disciplines and expertise, ranging from archaeology, the social sciences to area studies have entered the domain of heritage management and conservation. The resulting multidisciplinary discourse can provide valuable new inputs towards heritage’s potential impact on sustainable development. Forging bridges between academic discourse and a variety of heritage professionals, can address new dimensions of sustainability and facilitate important transdisciplinary collaborations that break new ground. Stakeholders with distinct backgrounds have different priorities, viewpoints and approaches. What are the disciplines most influential in heritage research and management? What are their strengths and/or weaknesses? How can interdisciplinary teams facilitate inclusiveness and equality?

4. Place: Local Reality vs global Ambitions

International heritage organizations set ambitions to foster innovation in the herit-age field through guidelines, declarations and conventions, providing soft laws that individual countries can adopt and which they can comply with. These are drafted by professionals and academics coming from different disciplines, expertise and geographical areas, during international meetings aimed to find common ground and direction. Implementation on a national and local level can present administrative, political and regulatory challenges, which vary between regions, countries, provinces, cities, until occasionally even neighbourhoods. On the other hand, without local consensus and efforts, global ambitions cannot be met. How do different local realities have an impact on global policy frameworks and guidelines? How can a better understanding of local realities contribute to learning on an international scale? What are the challenges, and how can the gap between global ambitions and local realities be addressed?

5. Heritage and Well-being

Sustainability is increasingly being understood to integrate social, economic, envi-ronmental and cultural dimensions. In the context of the SDGs, the cluster well-being (SDGs 1, 3, 4, 5 and 10) interconnects people-centred goals that reflect the so-cial foundation of sustainability. People-centred goals relate to how communities relate to heritage and how heritage contributes to their well-being and quality of life. These goals are being emphasized as an essential part of the sustainable devel-opment agenda, which aims to end poverty and ensure equitable access to health and education. How is heritage today contributing to the empowerment of commu-nities, inclusive societies and quality of life? How has it change over time? Where to move forward?

6. Heritage, Production and Consumption

The cluster Production and consumption (SDGs 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11 and 12) reflects on the intersections between people’s needs and the biophysical systems. It also re-flects on the production and consumption of goods and services – such as food, en-ergy or water – and on the resulting environmental pressures and impacts. This theme encompasses contributions that discuss the role of natural and cultural herit-age for sustainable consumption and production patterns, resilient cities and infra-structures, circular economy and affordable energy. What is the contribution of con-servation to sustainable development? What resources are conserved the most? What values matter the most? What can trigger conservation over resource deple-tion? How can heritage contribute to conservation and resource efficiency?

7. Heritage and the Natural Resource Base

The world as a biophysical system is experiencing unprecedented changes, that have a critical impact on its irreplaceable resources. Considered as essential for sus-tainable development, the cluster Natural Resource Bases (SDGs 13, 14, and 15) en-compasses goals relating to the natural environment. These address the governance of natural resources and public goods such as land and oceans, as well as the suste-nance of biodiversity and the management of climate change. Contrary to heritage resources, these ‘natural systems’ exist seemingly independent from human activi-ties, even though the latter have a great and potentially devastating impact on many of these. How can the governance of the ‘Natural Resource Base’ integrate with her-itage related concerns, to contribute to sustainable development?

8. Heritage, Governance Institutions and Means of Implementation

The extension of the scope of heritage has pushed the field of heritage management towards more inclusive approaches. This process results in the integration of dis-tinct aspects of heritage, and brings together governments, the private sector, civil society, international organizations and other relevant actors. Such an integrated approach calls for transparency of governance institutions, equitable development and inclusive societies, to arrive at more sustainable development. For its imple-mentation, it is essential to strengthen partnerships based on cooperation across financial, technological, entrepreneurial and capacity-building scales. This present cluster (SDGs 16 and 17) encompasses contributions reflecting the relations be-tween heritage and governance. How is heritage being listed? What heritage? How does heritage listing crosses strategies and plans target various sectors e.g. trans-portation, energy transition, health, climate change, digital governance?

9. Heritage, SDGs and the next Generation

The integration of heritage in the sustainable development discourse takes time and faces many challenges. Professionals from different disciplines have been working in the past three decades towards understanding and spreading awareness with respect to this topic, and with the SDGs the first international and interdisciplinary recognition has been achieved. In 2030 a new United Nations’ sustainability agenda will be adopted and a new generation of heritage professionals will bring forward the heritage & sustainability cause. Intergenerational collaborations are essential to ensure continuity. This theme provides a platform to the new generations, to address how they think out of the box, how they think the unthinkable. What are heritage organizations doing to ensure this continuity? What are new generations’ visions, utopias, scenarios and how do they cope with the challenges they face?



The Roundtables mainly pursue strategic goals and aim to identify current and future fields of action for heritage research and policies. They will discuss ongoing research themes and recently achieved results from distinct angles and stakeholders’ perspective. By formulating and discussing hypotheses the roundtables also like to bring together new interdisciplinary alliances to further develop strategies on national, European and international level.   

Proposed roundtable themes:

Roundtable I: Water and Heritage

Chairs: Carola Hein, Tino Mager, Roberto Rocco, Maaike Berker, Sabine Luning, Paul Hudson, Henk Ovink

Building on research initiated by scholars from the Leiden-Delft-Erasmus Centre for Global Heritage and Development (CHGD) and ICOMOS Netherlands, this roundtable brings together multidisciplinary research that connects water to heritage. Presentations will build upon the book Adaptive Strategies for Water Heritage: Past, Present and Future that explores landscapes, cities, engineering structures and buildings from around the world and the special issue from CPCL (Creative Practices in Cities and Landscape) which focuses on the role of design in creating new water heritage approaches. The roundtable also explores findings from the third conference Water as Heritage held in Taiwan in May 2019.

Roundtable II: Heritage and Environment

Chairs: LDE-CDGH Heritage and Environment- Maurits Ertsen, Paul Rabé, Sandra Fatori?

Climatic conditions and changes have shaped human practices and spatial form for centuries. As we are facing a new climate regimes, we need to better understand transitions in the past. This roundtable brings together scholars from the CDGH Heritage and Environment group to discuss historical changes of climate regimes and the ways in which societies have historically dealt with structures that were abandoned, that had to be reused or adapted.

Roundtable III: Climate Change Adaptation of Cultural Heritage

Chairs: Sandra Fatori?, Gul Akturk, Erik de Maaker, Barbara Lubelli

The roundtable provides a space to facilitate discussion and promote knowledge exchange between researchers and practitioners on the understudied intersection of climate adaptation planning and cultural heritage management and policy both in the Netherlands and globally. This roundtable also seeks to improve learning and inspire action among researchers and practitioners for development of more transparent and robust multidisciplinary assessments of climate vulnerabilities, cultural heritage significance and values, and feasible climate adaptation measures.

Roundtable IV: Heritage, Digitalization and Sustainability

Chairs: Ana Roders, Carola Hein, Frank Lohrberg, Carola Neugebauer, Koosje Spits, Jean Paul Corten, Paul Luc

The roundtable provides a space to facilitate discussion and promote knowledge exchange between researchers and practitioners on the role of cultural heritage in sustainable urban development, in relation to the opportunities and challenges raised by the digital century and modern technologies, such as respectively, enabling global studies with big data, unprecedented speed and accuracy; while increasing the gap between those who access (and not) these technologies. Experiences are to be exchanged between researchers and practitioners both in the Netherlands and globally. This roundtable also seeks to improve learning and inspire co-operation among researchers and practitioners in research on definitions, theories, methods and their practical implications. This roundtable also brings together the potential contributors to the Routledge Handbook of Heritage, Digitalization and Sustainability, to together define a common research and writing framework.

Roundtable VI: Disaster, Rebuilding, Memorials and Heritage Narratives Related to Natural Disasters

Chairs: Lucija Ažman Momirski, Sabina Tanovic

Disaster destroy lives, buildings and nature. They are therefore the starting point for innovations. The consequences of earthquakes, fires, floods present us with a dilemma: Do we rebuild demolished buildings according to the model of the historical buildings or do we replace them with modern, newest, high-quality architecture? In recent years, memorializing natural disasters has been related to disaster risk reduction. Building architectural memorials for the facilitation of the mourning processes, for example, is advocated as a strategic way toward the reconstruction of societies. This roundtable brings together designers, historians and heritage specialists to discuss the implications of disaster, rebuilding in memorialization in global context.

Roundtable VII: Exploring Heritage as Culture: Disciplines, Theories, Methods

Erik de Maaker (chair), Silvia Naldini (chair), Carola Hein, Pieter ter Keurs

Cultural heritage can be a key element in achieving sustainable development, UNESCO (2016) has argued. Heritage, and processes of heritization, are then assumed conducive towards the development of sustainable and inclusive livelihoods. But what constitutes heritage to some, tangible and intangible, may not be experienced as such by others. Understandings of heritage also change over time: what at one time was deemed invaluable may decades later have lost that appeal. Likewise, as cultural appreciations change, new heritages emerge. Academics, operating from distinct disciplinary perspectives, play an important role in exploring, identifying, and acknowledging what is deemed heritage. In this roundtable, which involves scholars in architecture and urban design as well as the humanities and social sciences, we explore in what respects disciplinary perspectives influence our contributions to heritage making, as well as our understandings of sustainability. How do these disciplinary perspectives, and the methodologies associated with these, influence our engagement with what the general public, as well as policy makers consider sustainable heritage? In what respects can a reconsideration of disciplinary premises help us to find common ground?

Roundtable VIII: Time and Unlisted Heritages

Chairs: Uta Pottgiesser, Wessel de Jonge, Ana Tostoes , Susan MacDonald, Christa Reicher

Since the beginning of the 20th century a drastic increase in population, has been recorded. The last century has also produced especially many new typologies of built heritage, resulting in technological and scientific development, changing approaches to governance, globalization and glocalization, mobility, new social and cultural forms and increased social and environmental activism. The ICOMOS International Scientific Committee on Twentieth-Century Heritage has initiated a Historic Thematic Framework to Assess the Significance of Twentieth-Century Cultural Heritage. Despite its novelty and the fact that the majority of our built environmet dates from this period, significant works of the era are underrepresented on heritage registers from local inventories to the World Heritage List. Already in 1992 DOCOMOMO International was invited by ICOMOS to present a Tentative List on Modern Movement Heritage, since then several (?) modern monuments have been inscribed. Yet, there are specific developments of that period which need further attention. Related projects: Mega MoMo: BIG BEAUTIFUL BUILDINGS // EU-MCMH: European Middle Class–Mass Housing // FOMA: Forgotten Masterpieces. Tools for Audience Development

Roundtable IX: The Future of Churches

Chairs: NN, NN

Churches are important testimonies of cultural heritage that shape the historic urban and rural landscapes and the collective memories of their populations. Many church buidings have been built over centuries and a significant number in the last century – and in Europe in particular after WWII. Even though, demographic and social changes have contributed to shrinking parishes and financial means which are a challenge for the further use and maintenance of church buildings. As a result, an increasing number of church buildings is converted and reused with public and/or private functions. Church institutions and monument protection authorities have started to survey and evaluate the existing church buildings to create a reliable basis for discussion with the different stakeholders involved. Which societal role do church buildings play in neighborhoods and cities? How can they best contribute to provide private and public functions between placemaking and preservation? What are the lessons learned from past and recent cases and approaches?

Training workshops

The Training Workshops aim to discuss the transfer of academic knowledge into the practice and to explore the needs of heritage-practitioners in their daily work. By bringing together academics, institutions and practitioners into conversation the Training Workhops want to inform about current development of methodologies, tools, modules and policies to contrast them with practical daily challenges and needs and their impact on heritage conservation. As a result, the Training Workhops like to increase the implementation of novel support tools and practices to facilitate professional practice. 

Themes will be announced soon.

Training I: Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA)

Chair/Docent: Mara de Groot, Ana Pereira Roders

HIA is an important tool to assess both positive and negative impacts of policies and development proposals on heritage resources of all kinds, including World Heritage properties. HIA deals with the conflicts between conservation and development, enabling heritage to play a critical role in sustainable development. In this training we will look at the methodology and its application in different situations. How does HIA contribute to conservation of heritage in the face of inevitable change?

Training II: Rising damp in buildings: a digital tool support for diagnosis and decision making

Chairs/Docents: Barbara Lubelli

Rising damp from ground water is a recurrent hazard to buildings and its relevance is expected to increase in the future, due to climate changes. A scientifically based approach to both diagnosis and intervention is therefore necessary. In the international project EMERISDA a digital support tool has been developed to this scope. The interactive tool supports the user in the interpretation of the results of simple measurements for the diagnosis of the presence of rising damp. Moreover, it provides insight into the feasibility and risks of existing methods against rising damp and supports thereby the user in the selection of the most suitable intervention in the specific situation. The tool proposes an approach allowing to consider different aspects in a decision process, facilitating the achievement of a shared decision.

Training III: Monument Diagnosis and Conservation System (MDCS): An interactive Support Tool

Chairs/Docents: Silvia Nardini, Wido Quist

MDCS is an interactive platform for the inventory and evaluation of damages to monumental buildings ( to help identify the types of materials and the types of damage during visual inspections. Based on the damage types found, hypotheses on possible causes are suggested. Once these have been controlled a diagnosis can be made  and a conservation strategy planned. The system was developed for practising conservation specialists, architects and engineers. Its use can be extended to laymen and private owners that want to to monitor their building’s status. This training includes interaction and discussion and aims at improving the platform based on practitioner’s feedback.

Training IV: Historic Concrete and Conservation Approaches

Chairs: Wido Quist, Gabriel Pardo Redondo

Conservation of historic concrete is becoming more and more a general practice. The perception of concrete as a potential valuable material in historic buildings is changing, and the importance of concrete in the course of architectural history is addressed. Guidelines on how to assess, repair and maintain concrete buildings and structures have been developed over the past decades, we have now arrived at a point to set ambitions in practice and research for the future. The recognition of historic concrete, the interpretation of damage processes, as well as procedures for damage and risk assessment and monitoring over time, together with repair and intervention, still balance between a pure engineering approach and an extreme conservationist approach. During this training several aspects of historic concrete will be addressed and the components of an integrated conservation approach will be identified.

Training V: Landscape Biography

Chair: Karin Stadhouders

In the nineties Prof. Jan Koolen, the Dean of the Faculty of Archaeology and Professor in Landscape Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, developed a new approach for interdisciplinary landscape research. He obtained his doctorate with honors on this so-called 'landscape biography'. This approach has been further developed in various projects of NWO, in Dutch design studies and in European research programs, but can certainly also be used at a local and regional level. Such a description of the cultural genesis of the landscape - with specific attention to historical qualities - can help to establish policy priorities. This study can be used for policy making, but also to inspire planners and designers.